The most important plastic list

In the plastics industry, the lengthy names of individual compounds have been shortened to manageable proportions in the form of international standard acronyms. This vocabulary provides most of the important polymer abbreviations and generic names including those compounds mentioned in this issue.

ABS: acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; diaphragms suitable for printing with UV-cured and waterless offset inks

Acrylicglass: see PMMA

APET, A-PET, PET-A: Amorphous PET; Laminates for high transparency, high gloss printable PET and thin plastic cards

BOPET: Biaxially oriented APET film (ie stretched in both portrait and transverse directions) such as DuPontMylar

BOPP: Biaxially oriented polypropylene film

CA: cellulose acetate; natural polymer with high clarity, high gloss and high rigidity

CAP: cellulose levulinate

COC: Cyclic Olefin Copolymer, Topas

Coextruded film: A film composite produced by extruding two identical or different polymer melts

Composites: Printed substrates and packaging materials that are joined or bonded together by multiple layers of the same or different materials.

CPET, C-PET: Semi-crystalline PET

CPO: cyclic polyolefin

EVOH, EVAI: Vinyl Vinyl Alcohol

Extrusion: The process of producing a plastic diaphragm by forcing one or more polymer melts through a nozzle (die)

GAG-PET: co-extruded PET composition (PETG-APET-PETG); ingredients for foaming and deep-drawn packages

GPPS: Multipurpose Polystyrene

HDPE: High Density Polyethylene

HIPS, PS-I: High Impact Polystyrene

HTR, PHEMA: Hard Tissue Replacement, Polyhydroxyethyl Methacrylate; Excellent tear and UV resistant film for flexo and offset printing; Good deep drawing and lamination properties

IML: In-mold label; usually multi-layered PP film oriented, integrated as a pre-printed label on the surface of the plastic package during the molding process

LDPE: low density polyethylene

Lenticularfilm: A plastic film consisting of a fine array of parallel lenticular lenses

LLDPE: An isotactic linear LDPE

Monofilm: A plastic film produced from a single polymer; compared to Coextrudedfilm.

Mylar: Trademark of DuPont; synonymous with oriented PET film

OLED: organic light-emitting diode; light-emitting, printable, conductive polymer when voltage is applied

OPET-A: oriented (ie stretched) PET-A film; high transparency, high gloss, high stiffness

OPP: oriented (ie stretched) polypropylene

OPV: organic photovoltaics; photocells composed of printable conductive polymers

OPVC-P: oriented (ie stretched) plasticized PVC film

PA: Polyamide; Concentrated polymer with low transparency but good gloss and rigidity; Thermoplastics, rigid variants of which are also added to the film for offset printing; Compositions with PE are often used as food bags; eg for synthetic paper PA6.6 fiber

PAN: polyacrylonitrile; high transparency, high gloss and high rigidity polymer

PBN: polybutylene naphthalate

PBT: polybutylene terephthalate; for heat-resistant, friction-resistant injection molded parts, covers and nanofillers

PC: Polycarbonate; Most expensive polyester; Concentrated polymer with high clarity, high gloss, and high rigidity for CD, DVD, Blu-ray discs, and transparent device housings

PE: polyethylene; polyolefin polymer, with general to good transparency, wax-like, low gloss, rigid

PEDOT:PSS: Polyethylene dioxythiophene and poly(styrene) copolymers; printable, conductive copolymers

PEEK: Polyetheretherketone

PEN: Polyethylene naphthalate; Concentrated polymer with good transparency and high gloss and rigidity; Replaces PET in many applications

PET, PETB: Polyethylene terephthalate; The most important polyester material; Condensed polymer that does not wrinkle

PET-A: APET, amorphous PET

PETB:PET

PETG, PET-G: PET modified PET; rigid diaphragm with good transparency, as the basic carrier for lenticular film and shrink sleeve labels

PETIP: Co-Extrusion of APET with PET Improved with Isophthalic Acid; Heat-Sealable Diaphragm for Metallization Compositions

PHEMA: Polyhydroxyethyl methacrylate; see HTR

PK: Polyketone

PLA: polylactic acid; biodegradable "biopolyester" made from renewable raw materials; as a rigid film with high gloss and high strength, it can also be printed by offset printing

Plastic: Common name for synthetic and semisynthetic polymers; in thermoplastics (formable after heating, such as PVC, PP) and thermosets (not reshaped, such as PUR, hardened epoxies) and There is a difference between elastomers (all cold formed rubbers); in general, only films made of thermoplastics are suitable for printing; they can also be processed into blow-molded packaging materials.

Plasticfilms: Tape polymers produced by injection molding or extrusion, processed into substrates and composites with a thickness between 20 and 150 microns (usually between 50 and 100 microns) Available in sheet or roll form; available in transparent to opaque white and color grades, or in a patterned alternating structure or as a raster film; any plastic film can be effectively printed with UV-curable ink; at offset printing General inks and waterless inks can also be used. Solvent inks and water-based inks can also be used in flexo and gravure printing applications. They can be used as folding boxes, flexible packaging, cards, and advertising materials.

Plexiglas (Plexiglas): PMMA

PMMA: polymethyl methacrylate, polymethacrylate; well-known resin glass or acrylic glass, usually processed only by screen printing Polyester: ethyl acetate; polymers with ester functional groups, Such as PET, PEN, PC

Polymer: An organic macromolecule based on a simple hydrocarbon molecule (monomer) whose high strength and other properties are determined by the linking, branching, and cross-linking of these monomers; homopolymers ( Consist of only one monomer type: PE, PP, PVC; Copolymer (composed of different monomers): ABSPOM: polyoxymethylene, polyoxymethylene resin, polyoxymethylene

PP: Polypropylene; generally good to good transparency, gloss, like wax, rigid

PS: polystyrene; clear and transparent, rigid; can be foamed (no longer suitable for printing after foaming)

PSU: Polysulfone

PTT: Polyethylene naphthalate

PUR: Polyurethanes; main components of molded parts and adhesives

PVC: Polyvinyl chloride; General to good transparency, rigidity

PVC-P: Plasticized PVC

PVC-U: Unplasticized PVC

PVDC: Polyvinylidene chloride, a polyolefin polymer

PVOH: polyvinyl alcohol; antistatic, weldable, water-soluble, biodegradable high-strength separator

Tacticity: the arrangement of the desired molecules; isotactic polymers (ie, polymers with the same alignment, such as PP) are particularly prone to stretching

TPE: Thermoplastic elastomer

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