Speaking of the adverse reactions of using cosmetics, many people first think of skin allergies. Most people are not clear about the specific response to adverse reactions. What kind of work has been done in China on cosmetic adverse reactions? What should I do if I use cosmetics to cause adverse reactions?
Ms. Liu is responsible for marketing work in foreign companies, paying more attention to her image and often going to the beauty salon to do some skin care. Recently she bought a whitening product from a beauty salon. After use, the skin became very dry and occasionally tingling. Ms. Liu went to the hospital and was diagnosed with skin allergies, but the hospital could not detect the cosmetics she used, and Miss Liu felt that it was more troublesome to find a testing agency and did not pursue it. In fact, there are not many people like Miss Liu in their lives. The reason why they have allergic symptoms after skin is mostly due to the lack of understanding of the status quo and countermeasures of adverse reactions to cosmetics.
In fact, with the widespread use of cosmetics in daily life, all kinds of products bring more people's beauty, and more and more adverse reactions occur. If the skin reactions occur under the correct usage and dosage, it may be The quality of the product itself may also be caused by the consumer's own allergies. However, there are also some businesses who blindly pursue the efficacy of products, add prohibited ingredients to the products, and the consequences of adverse reactions caused by using such products may be more serious, such as damage to organs.
Cosmetic adverse reactions are valued
The adverse reaction of cosmetics refers to the lesions of the skin and its appendages caused by the normal use of cosmetics. Such as: erythema, papules, edema, scaling, abnormal pigmentation, dry skin, itching and / or tingling, as well as local or systemic damage.
Domestic and foreign research and practical experience have shown that cosmetics can cause a variety of adverse reactions during use. Developed countries have carried out research in the early 1980s. Since then, more countries have paid attention to the study of cosmetic adverse reactions, the United States, Sweden, etc. The state has also established a special monitoring agency for cosmetic adverse reactions.
The World Health Organization has called on countries to establish comprehensive disease surveillance systems, with the aim of collecting timely, complete and standardized high-quality information and early detection of disease epidemics. At present, the United States has established a monitoring and early warning system for public health incidents. The legal basis for the implementation of cosmetics management is the Food and Cosmetics Act (FDCA) and the Good Packaging and Labelling Act (FPLA) and the various laws under these laws. Regulations. The US FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) regulations do not require cosmetic manufacturers to report cosmetic adverse reactions, but encourage cosmetic companies to report cosmetic adverse reactions on a voluntary basis, in order to reflect a highly responsible attitude towards the cosmetics industry, US personal care products The Association (PCPC) has developed a Consumer Commitment Code for the cosmetics industry, which requires cosmetic companies to report to the FDA â€œseriousâ€ and â€œaccidentalâ€ adverse reactions resulting from the use of cosmetics.
China has carried out research on cosmetic skin diseases since the 1990s. At present, it has supervised the specific ingredients and sanitary quality of cosmetics, such as the Regulations on Cosmetic Hygiene Supervision, the Regulations on the Supervision of Cosmetics Hygiene and the Hygienic Standards for Cosmetics. According to the regulations and other criteria, the common cosmetic skin diseases were investigated and classified, specific skin tests and diagnostic methods, and causality evaluation methods were proposed, and the "Diagnostic Standards for Cosmetic Adverse Reactions" was formulated to classify cosmetic adverse reactions. Cosmetic contact dermatitis, cosmetic acne, cosmetic hair damage, cosmetic nail damage, cosmetic light dermatitis, cosmetic skin pigmentation abnormalities. In addition, the diagnostic criteria for cosmetic cheilitis and cosmetic urticaria will soon be introduced. China has established a monitoring system consisting of 21 monitoring agencies and a monitoring center. With the development and continuous improvement of monitoring work, the cosmetic adverse reaction monitoring information system will be upgraded and adjusted.
What to do if there is an adverse reaction
At present, many consumers use the cosmetics after the adverse reactions, most of the practice is to stop using, go to the hospital for treatment. Some serious consumers will go to the merchants to discuss their arguments or go to the relevant local authorities to complain, but most of them have no results. The reason is that consumers did not go to the designated hospital for identification in time, nor did they go to the monitoring agency to test the product. Because some adverse reactions will disappear after stopping the use of the product, if you miss the opportunity to go to a professional hospital for diagnosis, it is difficult to have sufficient evidence to defend your rights. There are also some consumers who lack judgment on the symptoms and causes of adverse reactions and continue to use the same cosmetic, which may cause more serious injuries.
In fact, many consumers have had symptoms of itching or stinging after using cosmetics, which is the adverse reaction of cosmetics. Among the adverse reactions caused by cosmetics, 90% are not allergic, but skin irritation, such as tingling and itching of the skin.
Common allergens in cosmetics are spices, preservatives and hair dyes. Among them, spices are the most common allergens causing cosmetic allergies. According to reports in the literature, 30% and 45% of cosmetic adverse reactions are caused by cosmetic fragrances. If the above symptoms occur and you suspect that your skin problem is caused by cosmetics, you can go to the hospital designated by the Ministry of Health for identification. It takes only about 5 days to know the result. The main steps are -
Bring the used cosmetics, make a preliminary diagnosis of skin allergies in the clinic, fill in the medical records, fill out the form and leave an image record;
Collect the original suspicious cosmetics, and record the batch number, manufacturer and date of manufacture, and carry out relevant testing tests for the confirmation of cosmetic adverse reactions;
A medical doctor diagnoses the adverse reaction of the cosmetic and issues a diagnosis report.
If the confirmed diagnosis is an adverse reaction caused by cosmetics, the rights can be defended by the test certificate issued by the hospital. In addition, it should be reminded that consumers should keep good shopping bills after purchasing cosmetics.
6 cosmetic adverse reactions
Cosmetic contact dermatitis refers to irritant dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis caused by contact with cosmetics.
Diagnostic principle: There is a clear history of cosmetic exposure, and according to the disease part, the rash form, and if necessary, a skin patch test for comprehensive analysis and diagnosis, but it is necessary to exclude contact dermatitis caused by non-cosmetic.
Cosmetic acne refers to a facial acne-like rash caused by cosmetics.
Diagnostic principle: There is a clear history of cosmetic contact, blackheads, inflammatory papules and pustules appearing in contact with the pores. Except for acne caused by non-cosmetic, if necessary, the quality of the cosmetics used by the patient is determined.
Cosmetic hair damage refers to hair damage caused by the application of cosmetics.
Diagnostic principle: There is a clear history of contact with hair cosmetics, hair damage occurs after using cosmetics, and it can gradually return to normal after the cosmetics are stopped. Other hair lesions should be excluded, and the cosmetics used should be identified and analyzed if necessary.
Cosmetic nail damage refers to the nail itself and the lesions around the nail caused by the nail cosmetic.
Diagnostic principle: There is a clear history of exposure to cosmetics, and lesions occur in the nails and nails. After the cosmetics are stopped, they can gradually return to normal. Other nail diseases should be excluded, and if necessary, a patch test should be done to assist in the diagnosis.
Cosmetic photo-sensitizing dermatitis refers to inflammatory changes in the skin caused by the use of cosmetics after exposure to light. It is a phototoxic reaction or photoallergic reaction of the skin mucosa caused by light-sensitive substances in cosmetics.
Diagnostic principle: There is a clear history of cosmetic exposure, and light-sensing dermatitis appears in the corresponding parts. If necessary, the light-spot test can be combined to eliminate photo-induced dermatitis caused by non-cosmetic.
Cosmetic skin pigmentation abnormality refers to skin pigmentation or pigmentation caused by application of cosmetics.
Diagnostic principles: There is a clear history of cosmetic exposure, which occurs after skin pigmentation and hypopigmentation at the site of contact, or secondary to skin inflammation. Except for pigment abnormalities caused by non-cosmetic, if necessary, do patch test and spot patch test to assist in diagnosis.
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