Classification of mahogany furniture

Mahogany furniture is considered a treasure in furniture. Its preciousness can be traced back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. She is noble and gorgeous, carrying the profound cultural heritage of the Chinese nation, combining practicality, artistry, preservation and appreciation. It is not only a high-end commodity of the ancient court, but also treasured by the people. It is currently an ideal choice for many people to home and invest. However, the natural redwood tree species resources are scarce, and the mahogany furniture is exquisitely carved. It needs to be polished, engraved, styling, paint (wax) and other manual processes, and the workmanship is excellent, so mahogany furniture is expensive. In order to let you buy the real mahogany furniture, it is now based on the national standard of mahogany, to provide you with the common sense of buying and identifying mahogany furniture.

According to the different raw materials, mahogany furniture can be divided into 8 categories:

I. Rosewood mahogany furniture

1. Pterocarpus tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 160 microns.

3. The air dry density is greater than 1.00 g/cm3 when the wood moisture content is 12%.

4. The heartwood of the wood, the color of the red and purple, turned black and purple for a long time.

1. Wood characteristics and identification points of sandalwood rosewood:

1 heartwood color: the new face is orange-red, turned into deep purple or black purple, often with light and purple stripes.

2 growing annual rings: not obvious.

3 Fluorescence reflection: Sawdust water invades purple red and has fluorescence. Some rosewood chips have a fluorescent reaction in water, while others take a long time. Sawdust alcohol is orange-red.

4 Scratches: Rosewood is drawn on white walls or cardboard, leaving a clear impression of purple.

5 odor: generally no aroma and other odors.

6 texture: the texture is staggered, some are partially silky, the texture is curly, so it is also called "cow hair", this is the middle. Some of the rosewood pipes are filled with orange-red gum and rosewood, which makes the whole body or part of the visible gold star gold wire, the oil texture is very strong, this is the top grade. The surface of the wood has little or no texture and Venus gold wire, and the color is dark like chicken blood. This is the next product.

7 air dry density: 1.05-1.26g / cm?.

Rosewood: Also known as "Qinglongmu". The red sandalwood, which is a rare treasure, has been hailed as the "king of the wood" by the world. Rosewood grows in the tropical jungle. Because of its unique material, slow growth is a kind of hardwood that grows one inch in a hundred years. It can't be grown for hundreds of years. In addition, the rosewood ten sandalwood has a very low yield, so it is very precious. It has been since ancient times. "Inch sandalwood" said.

Second, rosewood mahogany furniture

1. Pterocarpus tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 200 microns.

3. The air dry density is greater than 0.76 g/cm3 when the wood moisture content is 12%.

4. The heartwood of the wood is reddish-brown to purple, often with dark stripes.

The rosewood heartwood is reddish brown, light reddish brown to deep reddish brown, the wood structure is fine, heavy or heavy, most of it floats on water, the ripples are visible or not obvious, and there is aroma or very weak. Fluorescence of woody water invaders was noticeable and the decimals were not seen.

Rosewood: Its wood grain has "ghost face" and "beaver spot" also known as: "flower raccoon" alias: fragrant mahogany, red sandalwood species are distributed in India, tropical regions of Southeast Asia. Its characteristics are yellowish white to taupe; the core material is light yellowish brown, orange brown, reddish brown to purple brown; the material color is more uniform, the dark color is visible, the texture is rainy, the color is soft, and the weight is light and can float. In the water. Rosewood is currently the main material for mahogany furniture due to its moderate price.

Rosewood, also known as fragrant mahogany, is similar to rosewood. Its wood is hard, its color is red or red, the texture is rainy, the color is soft, the weight is light, and it can float in water and resemble wood ribs. At present, mahogany furniture on the market is mostly composed of rosewood. There are at least two types of historical records. One is in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, Wang Zuo’s "Additional Ge Gu Yao Theory", "Out of Nanfan, Guangdong, Fuchsia, similar to the true fragrance, also has fragrance, and its flowers have ghost faces." "The rosewood, which is said in the wood of the Qiongzhou Fuzhi": "Rosewood, reddish purple, similar to the true fragrance, there is a slight fragrance...", which is called "Huanghua Pear" by today's people. Rosewood has also had the name "Hainan Tan". This is obviously not in the scope of the "redwood" concept. According to various materials, Huanghua Pear is mainly produced in Hainan Island and South China Sea in China. The quantity is not much, and it is one of the most important materials for Ming style furniture. The other is the rosewood that is called “old pear” in the north and “new pear” in the north. This rosewood is called “redwood” in Taiwan. It is a high-drying tree with a height of more than 30 meters and a diameter of about 1 meter. It is produced in tropical and subtropical regions such as Thailand, Myanmar and the Nanyang Islands. In the past, there were also a considerable number of rosewoods in Hainan, Guangdong, and Guangxi. This kind of rosewood is recorded in the "Exploration of the Museum": "Yeru pear is not real, the wood color is red and purple, and the texture is delicate, and it can be used as utensils, tables, chairs, and houses." Chen's "Classification" Zhongya also said: "Rosewood is a genus of red bean trees, which can reach a height of one foot and eight feet to three feet...Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, and Yunnan. There are springs in the province, and there are many wild birds in the country... The wood is heavy and beautiful. For the finest furniture materials." A lot of mahogany furniture in the Qing Dynasty is actually made of these rosewood. Most of the modern rosewood imported from overseas is also such a variety, and has become the most important material for mahogany furniture. However, according to the records in the "Yangyang Tribute Record" of the Yellow River in the Ming Dynasty, it has long been considered that there are two kinds of rosewood, one is flower palm wood, the tree is produced in the south of China; the other is Hainan sandalwood, deciduous tree, produced in the South China Sea. All of them can be used as high-grade furniture. Hainan Tan is a yellow pear, so in addition to Huanghuali furniture in the Ming Dynasty, there should also be Ming Dynasty rosewood furniture, which we call the mahogany furniture today.

Third, fragrant wood mahogany furniture

1. Dalbergia tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 120 microns.

3. When the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.80 g/cm3.

4. The heartwood of the wood, the spicy aroma is rich, the color is reddish brown.

Xiangzhimu: It belongs to the scented rosewood, also known as: Hainan Tan, down fragrant wood, commonly known as: huanghuali, is a rare tree species unique to Hainan, China, this species has basically disappeared. Its wood is hard, the color is not static, the visual sense is very good, the texture is hidden or present, vivid and changeable, and it has the effect of lowering blood pressure and blood fat. The color of huanghua pear is mainly yellow, and this color is woven with dark wood grain into beautiful natural patterns such as grimace, fox, etc., reflecting the golden light and emitting aroma under bright light. The surface of Huanghua Pear is shiny and has a spicy aroma; the structure is fine and uniform, and the corrosion resistance is high; therefore it is very precious.

Fourth, black rosewood mahogany furniture

1. Dalbergia tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 200 microns.

3. When the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.85 g/cm3.

4. The heartwood of the wood, the color of the chestnut brown, often with black stripes.

Five, red rosewood mahogany furniture

1. Dalbergia tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 200 microns.

3. When the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.85 g/cm3.

4. The heartwood of the wood is reddish brown to purple.

Red rosewood heartwood is black and brown, often with black stripes. The wood structure is fine and heavy, and most of it sinks in water. Since the texture is staggered, a strip pattern is often formed on the radial section. A species of Dalbergia, produced in the tropics.

Rosewood: Commonly known as “old mahogany”, it is distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. It is known for its sour taste with sour notes: rosewood. The rosewood is divided into two categories: black rosewood and red rosewood. Black rosewood: The heartwood is purple black, deep purple and reddish brown, with black stripes, which are high in price and high in quality. Once polished, it gives a kind of mellow and subtle beauty, which is second only to rosewood. Red rosewood: obvious growth wheel, heartwood orange reddish brown, purple reddish brown, deep purple. The wood is hard and heavy, usually sinking in the water. It has purple-black stripes and mountains and waters. It is the best material for making furniture and handicrafts.

The rosewood is the main raw material for the mahogany furniture of the Qing Dynasty. Furniture made from sour branches, even after a few hundred years, with a little lacquer and moisturizing, it is still new. It can be seen that the fine wood of the acid branches has long been the eye of the world. The rosewood is a tropical evergreen tree. The main producing areas are India, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar and other Southeast Asian countries. It was originally produced in Fujian, Guangdong and Yunnan. There are two kinds of rosewood color: deep red and light red. Generally, there are "grease" quality, fine structure, strong and heavy, and can sink in water. Of particular note is the fact that dark red or black stripes are often found in deep red, and the texture is both clear and varied. The rosewood furniture is polished and lacquered, smooth and lustrous, and it is durable and gives a kind of subtle and subtle beauty. The southern part of the rosewood is called "redwood", and the area of ​​Jiangsu and Zhejiang is called "old mahogany". Therefore, the rosewood furniture is almost called mahogany furniture or old mahogany furniture except Guangdong. Many of the mahogany furniture of the Qing Dynasty were rosewood furniture, that is, old mahogany furniture. Especially in the middle of the Qing Dynasty, not only the quantity was large, but also the quality of the wood was better and the manufacturing process was more beautiful. In the modern concept, it is real mahogany furniture.

six. Ebony rosewood furniture

1. Diospyros tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 150 microns.

3. The air dry density is greater than 0.90 g/cm3 when the wood moisture content is 12%.

4. The heartwood of the wood is black.

The color of ebony is black and bright, the structure is fine and dignified, and it has a sense of grease. Ebony often produces small pieces such as chopsticks and ink cartridges, and it is rare to make furniture.

Seven, striped ebony mahogany furniture

1. Diospyros tree species.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 150 microns.

3. The air dry density is greater than 0.90 g/cm3 when the wood moisture content is 12%.

4. The heartwood of the wood, black or chestnut brown, with light stripes between them.

Eight, chicken wing wood mahogany furniture

1. Trees of the genus Millettia and Cassia.

2. The wood structure is very fine to fine, and the average tube hole chord diameter is no more than 200 microns.

3. When the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.80 g/cm3.

Chicken wing wood scientific name cliff bean wood. African yamu wood is mainly produced in Central African countries such as Zaire, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon. Baihuaya Bean is mainly produced in Southeast Asian countries such as Myanmar and Thailand. The heart of the wood is clearly different, and the heartwood is dark brown with black linear stripes. Because the axial thinness of the wood is thick and uneven, the bandwidth is almost equal to the width of the wood fiber, and the color difference between the two is obvious. A pattern resembling a "chicken wing" is formed on the wood string cutting surface. The air dry density is 0.80-1.02g/cm?, the strength is high, the hardness is high, the processing performance is good, and the chicken wing pattern is obvious and beautiful.

The chicken wing wood is also called "red bean wood", and the verse "red beans are born in the south, and spring is a few branches" is a metaphor for it. The wood is hard and the color is divided into three colors: black, white and purple. It is shaped like a chicken wing feather, and the color is bright and bright. However, because it contains impurities such as fine sand, it is difficult to process, and it is advisable to make decorative corner materials. It is difficult to see a complete set of chicken wing wood furniture on the market.

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